Various Ways to Build a String

By | Last Updated on March 26, 2014 | 3,729

Quick overview of various ways to build a string using different options, like CONCATENATE, string offset, using a type.

Using &&

DATA: v_var1 TYPE char30,
      v_var2 TYPE char30,
      v_var3 TYPE char30.
DATA: lv_result TYPE string.
DATA: lv_char   TYPE char100.
v_var1 = 'Building'.
v_var2 = 'A'.
v_var3 = 'String'.
*=== &&
* Available from release ABAP 731
lv_result = v_var1 && v_var2 && v_var3.
WRITE: /(30) 'Using &&', lv_result.

Using String Templates

*=== String templates
* Available from release ABAP 731
lv_result = |{ v_var1 }|  & |{ v_var2 }| & |{ v_var3 }|.
write: /(30) 'Using String templates', lv_result.


*=== concatenate
CONCATENATE v_var1 v_var2 v_var3 INTO lv_result.
WRITE: /(30) 'Using CONCATENATE', lv_result.

Using Type

*=== type
  BEGIN OF lty_result,
    var1 TYPE char30,
    var2 TYPE char30,
    var3 TYPE char30,
  END   OF lty_result.
DATA: ls_result TYPE lty_result.
ls_result-var1 = v_var1.
ls_result-var2 = v_var2.
ls_result-var3 = v_var3.
* don't condense if respective blanks is required
lv_result = ls_result.
WRITE: /(30) 'Using Type', lv_result.

Using String Offset

*=== complicated
PERFORM f_concatenate USING: v_var1 CHANGING lv_char,
                             v_var2 CHANGING lv_char,
                             v_var3 CHANGING lv_char.
WRITE: /(30) 'Using Complicated', lv_char.
*&      Form  f_concatenate
FORM f_concatenate USING iv_input TYPE any
                   CHANGING cv_var TYPE char100.
  DATA: lv_len TYPE i.
  lv_len = strlen( cv_var ).
  cv_var+lv_len = iv_input.
ENDFORM.                    "f_concatenate

Let me know if you have any other way of building a string.

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Naimesh Patel{273 articles}

I'm SAP ABAP Consultant for more than a decade. I like to experiment with ABAP especially OO. I have been SDN Top Contributor.
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  • Valentin

    Hi Namesh,
    I think string templates should be added to the list as additional possibility.

    Keep up your good work!

    Kind regards,

  • Martin

    There is also another way (since NW 7.3):

    Zevolving ABAP Syntax Highlighter

    DATA lv_string TYPE string.
    lv_string = |Hello | && |world!|.
    WRITE lv_string.
  • Hello Valentin & Martin,

    I totally forgot about the string templates and the chaining operator (&), even though I wrote articles on that in past
    ABAP String Templates New Feature in ABAP 731
    Difference Between && (Chaining Operator) and & (Literal Operator)

    I guess, I’m not using them as much as I use other forms :)

    I have updated the code snippet with the string template as well.

    Naimesh Patel

  • Martin


    String templates are very useful.
    You don’t need to create three variables like var1, var2 and var3 and put it into a string (like in concatenate).

    I know. String templates seem to be difficult to learn but it’s the simplest and shortest way to write short code without large blocks of “DATA:” :)


  • steve oldner

    Great! Just used the string template the other week!
    @martin- I have been using that style since we upgraded last year.

  • Martin,

    We still need to use variables if the text is not hardcoded. And most of the time, I make sure the text is not hard coded. Either it is from the Language dependent text table or from text elements – so I can have multilingual support. :)

    Naimesh patel

  • Aurelio Hernández

    I always use string templates since I learnt about them in your blog. In you example, I would put it this way:

    lv_result = |{ v_var1 } { v_var2 } { v_var3 }|.

    When combined with REGEX and string functions you can do things like this, in one line:

    l_output = |{ substring( val = SND_ID off = find( val = SND_ID regex = ‘(.{0,8})$’ ) ) }{ sy-uzeit }|.

    Beautiful, isn’t it? :D

  • Aurelio – It looks great! I guess your co-workers would have hard time to understand that if they don’t know what is string templates ;)

  • Valentin

    Hi Naimesh,

    I think the example using string templates can be simplified:

    lv_result = |{ v_var1 } { v_var2 } { v_var3 }|.

    This way you don’t have to use the concatenation operator and one can use string literals quite easily, e.g.:

    lv_result = |The result of adding { v_var1 } to { v_var2 } is { v_var3 }.|.
  • Hello Valentin,

    I believe there is difference when you use the Literal operator vs when you don’t use with the string template.

    *=== String templates
    lv_result = |{ v_var1 } { v_var2 } { v_var3 }|.
    write: /(30) 'String templates - No &', lv_result.
    *=== String templates
    lv_result = |{ v_var1 }|  & |{ v_var2 }| & |{ v_var3 }|.
    write: /(30) 'String templates - with &', lv_result.
    ** Output
    *String templates - No &        Building A String
    *String templates - with &      BuildingAString

    Without chaining operator there is a SPACE in between the literals where as when using with chaining operator &, string doesn’t have space within.

    Naimesh Patel

  • Pablo

    Even more complicated:

    lv_result = insert(  val = insert( val = v_var1 sub = v_var2 off = strlen( v_var1 ) ) sub = v_var3 off = strlen( v_var1 ) + strlen( v_var2 ) ).
  • Pablo,

    I believe the syntax is from ABAP 740 release. Yes, I agree with you, it would be more complicated syntax to read but would be easy to write and look cleaner!

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